SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA — Twitter, together with K-pop Radar, analyzed K-pop stars’ use of Twitter for the first time and found it to be a critical tool for artists as they built global audiences, as the fourth generation of K-pop stars actively communicates with global fans on Twitter. This analysis, “K-pop Generations Analysis by Twitter Usage”, looked at 69 total K-pop artists with more than 300,000 Twitter followers as of May 1, 2021, and analyzed the artists by generation.
Notably, K-pop the fourth generation averages 323 Tweets before their official debuts. This may be a key factor in the fourth generation artists’ global fanbases and successes, as fourth generation artists release their first overseas album, on average, 9 months earlier than the previous generation did.
K-pop stars’ method of communicating with their fans has changed in line with the development of the K-pop industry, as well as the media. First and second generation K-pop stars communicated with their fans through closed communities, such as fan cafes. From the third generation onward, artists shared content with their fans through global media platforms such as Twitter, and started to communicate with wider fan bases through live streaming and text messaging channels. Recently, beyond releasing content, K-pop stars are diversifying ways to communicate with their fans by actively utilizing new features such as Fleets and Spaces on Twitter. In addition, as offline concerts and fan signing events were canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic, they are actively communicating with global fans through online concert streaming, as well as #TwitterBlueroom live Q&A on Twitter.
In terms of Twitter usage, there is a clear difference between the way that each generation used Twitter, especially in the following areas.
Tweets per day
Excluding the first generation, who were active before Twitter launched, K-pop stars averaged:
- 1.2 Tweets per day for second-generation stars
- 3.5 Tweets per day for third-generation stars
- 7 Tweets per day for fourth-generation stars
Fourth generation stars Tweeted 5.8 times more than second generation stars, and 2 times more than third generation stars.
Comparing first Tweets to stars’ official debut dates, Twitter and K-pop Radar found, on average:
- Second generation stars Tweeted for the first time 1,154 days (more than three years) after their debut
- Third generation artists Tweeted for the first time 132 days (more than four months) after their debut
- Fourth generation artists Tweeted for the first time 116 days (more than four months) BEFORE their debut
Analyzing the amount of Tweets for a year following artists’ debuts reveals other differences between the generations as well. Most second- and third-generation artists did not post Tweets before their debut, and slowly increased their amount of Tweets after their debut. However, a notable exception is BTS: BTS opened its Twitter account in December 2012, six months ahead of debut, and actively communicated with fans globally. Currently, BTS has 36 million Followers on Twitter.
Fourth generation artists, such as ATEEZ, THE BOYZ, ENHYPEN, Stray Kids, TOMORROW X TOGETHER, and TREASURE, communicated with their fans after opening their Twitter accounts, months ahead of their respective debuts. On average, fourth generation artists Tweeted an overwhelming amount before their debuts compared to second and third generations, with each artist uploading an average of 323 Tweets, and accumulating 562,377 Followers even before debuting.
In addition to communicating with fans globally via Twitter earlier than other generations, fourth generation artists also released content for their fans globally faster than previous generations, on average:
- The Fourth generation artists released their first overseas albums 9 months earlier than third generation artists
- The Fourth generation artists also held their first overseas concerts 13 months earlier than third generation artists
“Direct communication with global fans through Twitter has now become a success formula for K-pop artists,” said YeonJeong Kim, Head of Global K-pop and K-Contents Partnerships at Twitter, who has led this analysis. “When BTS, a 3rd generation K-pop group, had intimate real-time conversations with its global ARMY, it set an example for the 4th generation to make this a feature of their engagement with fans. Fourth generation artists like THE BOYZ, Stray Kids, ATEEZ, TOMORROW X TOGETHER, GIDLE, ITZY, TREASURE, ENHYPEN, and aespa, who have been using Twitter as an active communication channel even before their debut, are advancing to the global stages faster than the previous generations, which demonstrates that digital-based communication has a significant impact on growing their fandom.”
This survey included the following artists:
- The second generation – TVXQ, Super Junior, Girls’ Generation, SHINee, 2PM, etc.
- The third generation – EXO, BTS, GOT7, MAMAMOO, Red Velvet, MonstaX, SEVENTEEN, TWICE, NCT, BLACKPINK, etc.
- The fourth generation – THE BOYZ, Stray Kids, GIDLE, ATEEZ, ITZY, TOMORROW X TOGETHER, TREASURE, aespa, ENHYPEN, etc.
Since most of the first generation groups, like HOT, Sechs Kies, SES, and Fin.K.L., were active before the launch of Twitter, and do not currently have Twitter accounts, they were excluded from this data analysis. Among first generation artists, however, Shinwa (@ShinhwaCompany), continue to be active as a group, and share their latest news through Twitter. Also, Seo Taiji (@SEO_TAIJI), known as the ‘President of Culture’ and the originator of this chapter of modern K-pop, debuted as the group Seo Taiji and Boys in 1992. After the launch of Twitter, he opened his own Twitter account in April 2010, and has changed the account name to SEOTAIJI 서태지(@SEO_TAIJI) in March 2021. Currently, he is connecting with fans globally by holding concerts via global livestreams on Twitter.
트위터가 케이팝 레이더 @kpopradar_blip 와 함께 세대별 K-POP 아티스트 69팀의 계정을 분석해 트위터 사용 패턴 데이터를 공개했습니다. https://t.co/o0k98HIgs3
— 트위터 대한민국 🇰🇷 (@TwitterKorea) June 14, 2021
In the run-up to ‘World Music Day’, which is celebrated worldwide on June 21, Twitter is preparing to host #KpopTwitter campaign where K-pop fans can participate and communicate. Twitter also plans to organize various events such as #KpopFirstTweet campaign to find and share the first tweets of K-pop artists for a week period starting from June 14 on Twitter Music account (@TwitterMusic) and Twitter Korea official account (@TwitterKorea). #KpopMasterpiece campaign to recommend hidden masterpieces is another event Twitter is currently preparing. Any K-pop fans around the world can participate by posting a tweet with the hashtags. Tweets that have garnered enthusiastic responses from fans will be collected and published on Twitter blog.